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32 children die of Encephalitis in Odisha




Bhubaneswar, 18 Nov 2016 : At least 32 children have died of Japanese Encephalitis in Odisha, which occurs by consuming “bada chakunda” beans, experts said.

A total of 96 deaths have been reported in Malkangiri district of the state. Of thes, 32 children died of encephalitis, and the remaining 64 due to other reasons, including Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES), according to the state government.

According to an expert team which visited the district Encephalopahty disease was found in Malkangiri.

“Consumption of beans of Cassia occidentalis, locally known as ‘bada chakunda’, may be the reason behind continuing deaths in the area,” said Jacob John, who headed the team.

According to him, consumption of these beans can cause severe childhood illnesses with acute hepato-myo-encephalopathy syndrome.

In some cases, children with acute encephalopathy in the tribal dominated district have close similarity with \Encephalopathy found in western Uttar Pradesh districts.

However, the expert team has called for further investigation into relative contributions of Japanese Encephalitis and Encephalopahty along with other causes that may affect central nervous system.

Health Secretary Arti Ahuja said the state government was taking all possible steps to curb the disease.

Ahuja said that 96 deaths were reported in 180 villages and Malkangiri municipality area while 229 cases were discharged from hospital after complete recovery.


New skin-like sensor maps blood-oxygen levels in body




New York, 08 November 2018 : US engineers have developed a new lightweight, thin and flexible sensor that can map blood-oxygen levels over large areas of skin, tissue and organs, potentially giving doctors a new way to monitor healing wounds in real time.

Injuries cannot heal without a constant influx of blood’s key ingredient — oxygen. The device can track oxygenation of healing wounds in real time.

The sensor is made of organic electronics printed on bendable plastic that moulds to the contours of the body and can be placed anywhere on the skin.

It could potentially be used to map oxygenation of skin grafts, or to look through the skin to monitor oxygen levels in transplanted organs, the researchers said.

“All medical applications that use oxygen monitoring could benefit from a wearable sensor,” said Ana Claudia Arias, Professor at the University of California (UC)- Berkeley .

“Patients with diabetes, respiration diseases and even sleep apnoea could use a sensor that could be worn anywhere to monitor blood-oxygen levels 24/7,” she added.

Existing oximeters (the name for blood-oxygen sensors) use LEDs to shine red and near-infrared light through the skin, and work only on areas of the body that are partially transparent, like the fingertips or the earlobes. It can only measure blood-oxygen levels at a single point in the body.

“Thick regions of the body, such as the forehead, arms and legs, barely pass visible or near-infrared light, which makes measuring oxygenation at these locations really challenging,” the researchers said.

The new sensor, described in the journal PNAS, is built of an array of alternating red and near-infrared organic LEDs and organic photodiodes printed on a flexible material.

The team used the sensor to track the overall blood-oxygen levels on the forehead of a volunteer who breathed air with progressively lower concentrations of oxygen — similar to going up in altitude — and found that it matched those using a standard fingertip oximeter.

They also used the sensor to map blood-oxygen levels in a three-by-three grid on the forearm of a volunteer wearing a pressure cuff.

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The Importance of Strength Training



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Strength Training

Strength training as a form of exercise gets little to no attention compared to cardiovascular training.Most people know that walking or riding their bike is an essential part of maintaining good health; strength training is often acknowledged as a beneficial thing to do for optimal health, but not essential enough to regularly incorporate into their exercise routine.

Strength training, by definition, is a concerted effort to use resistance or weights to work a muscle group.Many people falsely believe that being active, such as standing and moving during a shift at work, or doing house work, is enough effort to keep muscles healthy and strong.Being active is beneficial to the body, but it takes a focused effort to work muscles by either using weights, or your own body weight, to get the benefits of strength training.

The benefits of strength training are much too important to omit when committing to a healthy lifestyle, and many of these benefits cannot be accomplished with cardiovascular training alone.A well-designed strength-training program can provide the following benefits…

Smile Verma
Fitness&Nutritoon expert.

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Smokers with diabetes more at risk of early death : Study




New York, Nov 23 : Heavy smokers with diabetes may be at double the risk of facing an early death, a study led by an Indian-origin researcher has found.

Diabetes is a chronic illness in which there are high levels of glucose in the blood. People with diabetes may also be at risk for numerous other health complications.

“The study found that diabetes doubles the risk for all-cause mortality and non-lung cancer mortality among heavy smokers,” said Kavita Garg, Professor at the University of Colorado-Denver, in the US.

In the study, nearly 13 per cent of patients with diabetes died as compared to 6.8 per cent of patients without diabetes.

Participants with diabetes tended to be older, reported more pack-years of smoking, and had a higher BMI than those without diabetes.

In addition, the study also found that women with diabetes have an increased risk of lung-cancer mortality.

However, the same effect was not found in men, the researchers observed.

For the study, Garg and colleagues conducted an analysis on 53,454 participants from US on the relative risk for overall mortality, lung cancer mortality, and non-lung cancer mortality associated with diabetes.

Over the course of the study, there were 3,936 total deaths, including 1,021 from lung cancer and 826 from non-lung cancers.

Garg emphasised that smokers should undergo lung cancer screening as well control their diabetes.

“Patients have to take care of their diabetes to maximise the benefit of CT screening for lung cancer. It truly makes a magnitude of difference in mortality risk,” Garg noted.

The study will be presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) in Chicago, US

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